Gnosis means knowledge. A Gnostic is one who has this knowledge. Gnosticism are the doctrines of various dualistic sects among the Jews, early church, and cults up to today who claimed possession of superior spiritual knowledge, explained the creation of the world in an emanational manner, and condemned matter as evil. A religious movement characterized by a belief in gnosis, through which the spiritual element in man could be released from its bondage in matter: regarded as a heresy by the Catholic Church.
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A Creed is used as a baptismal confession, a teaching outline, and as a guide and guard against those errors that the Church thinks most dangerous at the time. The Nicene Creed, drawn up in the fourth century, is emphatic in affirming the Deity of Christ, since it is directed against the Arians, who denied that Christ was fully God. The Apostles’ Creed, drawn up in the first or second century, emphasizes the true Humanity, including the material body, of Jesus, since that is the point that the heretics of the time (Gnostics, Marcionites, and later Manicheans) denied. (See 1 John 4:1-3)